Comfort over many years have worked alongside Marks and Spencer to help reduce store running costs, thus carbon emissions by incorporating displacement type ventilation systems into their stores.
A specific terminal design has been created in conjunction with their designers, architects and consulting engineers to fit into their Plan A development programme. Every component utilised in the unit is manufactured from a reusable material and all sourced from sustainable sources such as FSC timber, recycled steel etc. Their flagship store in Cheshire Oaks was awarded the CIBSE Carbon Champion and Building Project of the year over £10million in 2014, with the store recording carbon and energy reductions of 44% and 43% respectively when compared to a peer premier store.
The displacement ventilation system played a huge part in this with the ability to free cool for over 90% of the year as well as been installed with VRU dampers enabling the air volumes to be reduced down to suit occupancy levels making the system incredibly efficient.
Cheshire Oaks is just one of many new and refurbished stores completed over the last few years utilising displacement ventilation, proving that a good indoor climate can be achieved with very low carbon emissions and running costs.
In collaboration with the international design team, Comfort manufactured and supplied the bespoke displacement terminals to the new airport in Erbil, Iraq.The external gains in such an environment were very large, but external shading and insulation to the roof areas allowed a low energy system to be installed. The energy savings over a conventional system have been dramatic.
The internal environment was designed to be controlled without the massive plant and fan power that would normally be required.
A thorough design programme was undertaken providing the client with a series of prototype units manufactured to the architect’s visual requirements.
Once the aesthetics of the terminals were approved a full scale laboratory test was carried out to make sure the performance levels of the unit remained within the scheduled criteria.
After completing the design programme the approved displacement terminals were then manufactured and installed into the airport creating an energy efficient fresh air environment for all to benefit from.
One hundred years after the birth of the world’s most famous ship, the new Titanic Belfast Exhibition has become one of Northern Irelands land mark buildings.To reduce running costs, and provide a fresh comfortable environment within the exhibition and public spaces, a displacement ventilation system was chosen for the task.
Consulting engineers AECOM in conjunction with Comfort set about designing a system to suit the architectural theme which required the displacement terminal units to be non-obtrusive and recessed into the buildings fabric.
Over 150 displacement terminals were designed and manufactured specifically for the project in numerous colours and sizes to suit the client’s requirements.
Each terminal was manufactured with a variable geometry discharge system ensuring air patterns could be designed to suit each of the internal spaces and thus eliminate any excessive air velocities which otherwise may have been created.
The 150,700 sq.ft venue accommodates nine galleries of interactive exhibition space including a dark ride, underwater exploration theatre, recreations of the ships decks and cabins and a luxurious conference and banqueting suite, all of which are served by the displacement system.
Warner Brothers have invested over £100 million into Leavesden Studios to create a permanent UK film production base for the company, becoming one of the largest studio production facilities in Europe. As part of the redevelopment, two new sound stages were built to house Warner Bros. Studio Tour London, a permanent behind the scenes walking tour which features authentic sets, costumes and props from the Harry Potter film series.
Hoare Lea & Partners contacted Comfort at the concept stages of the project to design and manufacture bespoke displacement terminals to suit the specific requirements needed to overcome the difficult task of conditioning the space without seeing the mechanical services.
As with most of our bespoke terminals if you can’t see them or don’t realise what they are, or do, we have succeeded, a paramount requirement on this particular project.
There were almost 100 displacement terminals manufactured and installed throughout the exhibition, almost all have been built into the film sets or structures to provide an ideal internal environment even under maximum occupancy.
The new Bulgari Hotel in London is set in the heart of Knightsbridge, the City’s most prestigious neighbourhood; it is the first new luxury hotel to be created in London for 40 years and required a new level of comfort to be achieved. Due to the hotels luxurious design and standards, the bar was set incredibly high to create an internal environment to match.
A displacement system was chosen to provide the perfect indoor climate within the main public spaces, which not only reduced the overall running costs of the building, but provided an ideal internal climate no matter what the circumstances.
Concerns were raised during the design process regarding the air velocities being introduced within the seated and sensitive areas. Due to the very nature of the building and the client’s requirements it was clear that this problem could not occur, and therefore all air velocities within each space had to be kept to a minimum. Each terminal was therefore designed and tested to suit its individual application which encompassed discharge air patterns, noise ratings and air velocities generated. In conjunction with the architects and the interior designers Comfort set about creating over 100 bespoke displacement terminals to literally disappear into each rooms chosen theme. A series of architecturally designed wall coverings and screens were selected to provide a visually pleasing fascia to many of the terminals, thus allowing large air volumes to be introduced into the main public areas without any signs of ventilation being on show.
Many areas were treated utilising the fixed furniture available such as book cases, bench seating, display cabinets etc, which provided parts of the structure to be utilised as supply air plenums.
A displacement system was designed in conjunction with Hoare Lea & Partners and installed to be non-obtrusive by being recessed into the walls.Comfort manufactured and installed the complete wall assembly incorporating nozzle plates, plenums etc. We also supplied and installed the special perforated steel and wooden wall sections.
A nautical theme was chosen for the food court areas at the Lakeside Shopping Centre.A basic terminal design was formulated with the design team and ourselves. Prototypes were manufactured to show variations to the theme.
The terminal design had to reflect a ship-type look including portholes, lights etc.
The technical testing was carried out in Lindab’s laboratories in Farum, Denmark. This proved to the design team and the client that the distribution of the air within the unit was laminar and the loads against the projected air volumes were correct.
Two new displacement terminals were adopted including a bubble tank as a feature.
Working alongside John Lewis’s Design Team, Comfort were tasked with creating an aesthetically pleasing displacement terminal to help with the reduction of running costs and carbon emissions in their future stores.
Once the design was complete, a full scale laboratory test was carried out to ensure that the terminal met John Lewis’s performance and visual requirements.
These terminals have since been successfully installed into many of John Lewis’s new stores, and recently John Lewis York received the CIBSE Working in Collaboration Award 2016. It is the first department store in the world to receive BREEAM Outstanding certification having slashed its carbon emissions by some 43% which is almost 14% higher than anticipated. This is another great example of the benefits of utilising displacement ventilation in a retail environment, with customers benefiting from a good fresh indoor climate, while at the same time reducing running costs and carbon emissions.
Comfort were contacted by Primark’s Design Team to assist in the design process, of incorporating a displacement ventilation system into their new store in Fort Kinnaird, Edinburgh.
Once a displacement system was agreed upon Comfort were tasked in designing a displacement terminal to incorporate into Primark’s existing merchandising and light box systems.
After producing several drawings and prototype terminals, approval was granted by the design team and the terminals were subsequently installed into the new store, giving a high quality air environment and a great look to the store.
A displacement terminal incorporating ambient lighting, emergency lighting and a PA speaker system was designed in collaboration with Ove Arup for the Bristol Airport departures concourses. A full scale laboratory test was carried out to ensure the system worked to design.Exhaust stacks to match the terminals were also designed and supplied on the first floor area.